Impacts of household sources on air pollution at village and regional scales in India

Brigitte Rooney, Ran Zhao, Yuan Wang, Kelvin H. Bates, Ajay Pillarisetti, Sumit Sharma, Seema Kundu, Tami C. Bond, Nicholas L. Lam, Bora Ozaltun, Li Xu, Varun Goel, Lauren T. Fleming, Robert Weltman, Simone Meinardi, Donald R. Blake, Sergey A. Nizkorodov, Rufus D. Edwards, Ankit Yadav, Narendra K. AroraKirk R. Smith, John H. Seinfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Approximately 3 billion people worldwide cook with solid fuels, such as wood, charcoal, and agricultural residues. These fuels, also used for residential heating, are often combusted in inefficient devices, producing carbonaceous emissions. Between 2.6 and 3.8 million premature deaths occur as a result of exposure to fine particulate matter from the resulting household air pollution (Health Effects Institute, 2018a; World Health Organization, 2018). Household air pollution also contributes to ambient air pollution; the magnitude of this contribution is uncertain. Here, we simulate the distribution of the two major health-damaging outdoor air pollutants (PM2:5 and O3) using state-of-thescience emissions databases and atmospheric chemical transport models to estimate the impact of household combustion on ambient air quality in India. The present study focuses on New Delhi and the SOMAARTH Demographic, Development, and Environmental Surveillance Site (DDESS) in the Palwal District of Haryana, located about 80 km south of New Delhi. The DDESS covers an approximate population of 200 000 within 52 villages. The emissions inventory used in the present study was prepared based on a national inventory in India (Sharma et al., 2015, 2016), an updated residential sector inventory prepared at the University of Illinois, updated cookstove emissions factors from Fleming et al. (2018b), and PM2:5 speciation from cooking fires from Jayarathne et al. (2018). Simulation of regional air quality was carried out using the US Environmental Protection Agency Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system (CMAQ) in conjunction with the Weather Research and Forecasting modeling system (WRF) to simulate the meteorological inputs for CMAQ, and the global chemical transport model GEOS-Chem to generate concentrations on the boundary of the computational domain. Comparisons between observed and simulated O3 and PM2:5 levels are carried out to assess overall airborne levels and to estimate the contribution of household cooking emissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7719-7742
Number of pages24
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2019

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air quality
atmospheric pollution
village
ambient air
modeling
World Health Organization
emission inventory
EOS
charcoal
particulate matter
combustion
heating
weather
household
simulation
chemical
demographic development
surveillance
health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Rooney, B., Zhao, R., Wang, Y., Bates, K. H., Pillarisetti, A., Sharma, S., ... Seinfeld, J. H. (2019). Impacts of household sources on air pollution at village and regional scales in India. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(11), 7719-7742. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-7719-2019

Impacts of household sources on air pollution at village and regional scales in India. / Rooney, Brigitte; Zhao, Ran; Wang, Yuan; Bates, Kelvin H.; Pillarisetti, Ajay; Sharma, Sumit; Kundu, Seema; Bond, Tami C.; Lam, Nicholas L.; Ozaltun, Bora; Xu, Li; Goel, Varun; Fleming, Lauren T.; Weltman, Robert; Meinardi, Simone; Blake, Donald R.; Nizkorodov, Sergey A.; Edwards, Rufus D.; Yadav, Ankit; Arora, Narendra K.; Smith, Kirk R.; Seinfeld, John H.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 19, No. 11, 11.06.2019, p. 7719-7742.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rooney, B, Zhao, R, Wang, Y, Bates, KH, Pillarisetti, A, Sharma, S, Kundu, S, Bond, TC, Lam, NL, Ozaltun, B, Xu, L, Goel, V, Fleming, LT, Weltman, R, Meinardi, S, Blake, DR, Nizkorodov, SA, Edwards, RD, Yadav, A, Arora, NK, Smith, KR & Seinfeld, JH 2019, 'Impacts of household sources on air pollution at village and regional scales in India', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 7719-7742. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-7719-2019
Rooney, Brigitte ; Zhao, Ran ; Wang, Yuan ; Bates, Kelvin H. ; Pillarisetti, Ajay ; Sharma, Sumit ; Kundu, Seema ; Bond, Tami C. ; Lam, Nicholas L. ; Ozaltun, Bora ; Xu, Li ; Goel, Varun ; Fleming, Lauren T. ; Weltman, Robert ; Meinardi, Simone ; Blake, Donald R. ; Nizkorodov, Sergey A. ; Edwards, Rufus D. ; Yadav, Ankit ; Arora, Narendra K. ; Smith, Kirk R. ; Seinfeld, John H. / Impacts of household sources on air pollution at village and regional scales in India. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 11. pp. 7719-7742.
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AU - Sharma, Sumit

AU - Kundu, Seema

AU - Bond, Tami C.

AU - Lam, Nicholas L.

AU - Ozaltun, Bora

AU - Xu, Li

AU - Goel, Varun

AU - Fleming, Lauren T.

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AU - Meinardi, Simone

AU - Blake, Donald R.

AU - Nizkorodov, Sergey A.

AU - Edwards, Rufus D.

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