Impact of Prior Consumption on Sour, Sweet, Salty, and Bitter Tastes

Josephine Christina, Sindy Palma-Salgado, Diana Clark, Ozan Kahraman, Soo-Yeun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Food sensory tests generally require panelists to abstain from food or beverage consumption 30 min to an hour before a tasting session. However, investigators do not have a complete control over panelists' intentional or unintentional consumption prior to a tasting session. Currently, it is unclear how prior consumption impacts the results of the tasting session. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of temporary and lingering mouth irritation caused by the consumption of coffee, orange juice, and gum within 1, 15, or 30 min prior to the tasting session on the perception of 4 basic tastes: sweet, salty, sour, and bitter. Fifty-two panelists were served a beverage (orange juice, coffee, and water) or were asked to chew a piece of gum, and then, remained in the waiting room for 1, 15, or 30 min. They were then asked to report taste intensities using 15-cm unstructured line scales. Mean intensities of all tastes were not significantly different when orange juice was a primer at 1, 15, and 30 min when compared to water. Mean intensities of bitter were significantly lower when coffee was a primer at 1, 15, and 30 min than when water was a primer. Mean intensities of sweet were significantly lower when gum was a primer at 1 and 15 min than when water was a primer. The findings showed that it is necessary for 30 min or more waiting period of no food or beverage consumption prior to sensory testing. Practical Application: Panelists are usually asked to abstain from food or beverage consumption 30 to 60 min before a tasting session but it is unclear how consumption prior to a tasting session affects sensory results. This study used coffee, orange juice, and gum as prior consumptions to investigate the effect on sour, sweet, salty, and bitter tastes. This study demonstrates the necessity for investigators to enforce 30 min or more waiting period of no food or beverage consumption to obtain more accurate results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S477-S482
JournalJournal of Food Science
Volume81
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Intensity assessment
  • Prior consumption
  • Sensory evaluation
  • Taste
  • Time effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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