Impact of Obstructive Sleep Apnea on Neurocognitive Function and Impact of Continuous Positive Air Pressure

Charles R. Davies, John J. Harrington

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

There is evidence that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can negatively impact attention, memory, learning, executive function, and overall intellectual function in adults and children. Imaging techniques, including MRI, MR diffusion tensor imaging, MR spectroscopy, and fMRI, have provided additional insight into the anatomic and functional underpinnings of OSA-related cognitive impairment. Both animal and human studies have looked to elucidate the separate effects of oxygen desaturation and sleep fragmentation on independent aspects of cognition. Data from animal models point to neuro-inflammation and oxidative stress as driving factors of cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-298
Number of pages12
JournalSleep Medicine Clinics
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
  • Neurocognitive function
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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