Impact of main branch stenting on endothelial shear stress: Role of side branch diameter, angle and lesion

Henry Y. Chen, Issam D. Moussa, Charles Davidson, Ghassan S. Kassab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis remain clinically significant problems for bifurcation lesions. The objective of this study is to determine the haemodynamic effect of the side branch (SB) on main branch (MB) stenting. We hypothesize that the presence of a SB has a negative effect on MB wall shear stress (WSS), wall shear stress gradient (WSSG) and oscillatory shear index (OSI); and that the bifurcation diameter ratio (SB diameter/MB diameter) and angle are important contributors. We further hypothesized that stent undersizing exaggerates the negative effects on WSS, WSSG and OSI. To test these hypotheses, we developed computational models of stents and non-Newtonian blood. The models were then interfaced, meshed and solved in a validated finite-element package. Stents at bifurcation models were created with 30° and 70° bifurcation angles and bifurcations with diameter ratios of SB/MB = 1/2 and3/4. It was found that stents placed in theMB at a bifurcation loweredWSS dramatically, while elevating WSSG and OSI. Undersizing the stent exaggerated the decrease in WSS, increase inWSSGandOSI, and disturbed the flow between the struts and the vesselwall. Stenting theMBat bifurcationswithlarger SB/MBratios or smaller SBangles (30°) resulted in lowerWSS, higher WSSG and OSI. Stenosis at the SB lowered WSS and elevated WSSG and OSI. These findings highlight the effects of major biomechanical factors in MB stenting on endothelial WSS, WSSG, OSI and suggests potential mechanisms for the potentially higher adverse clinical events associated with bifurcation stenting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1187-1193
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Issue number71
StatePublished - Jun 7 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Bifurcation stents
  • Endothelial shear stress
  • Incomplete apposition
  • Provisional stenting
  • Stent sizing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering


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