Impact of blade angle on miscanthus harvesting energy requirement

J. D. Maughan, S. K. Mathanker, Tony E Grift, Alan Christopher Hansen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Miscanthus is emerging as a promising feedstock for domestic biofuel production. However, inefficiencies of machinery that are used for harvesting bioenergy crops such as miscanthus currently prohibit commercial production. The performance of a mower-conditioner used to harvest miscanthus was evaluated and modifications to the disk head were made to allow the machine to operate more efficiently. Previous work on cutting parameters for harvesting miscanthus concluded that the energy requirement could be reduced by changing blade oblique angles and varying cutting speeds. Results from studies involving a single disk cutter system were evaluated for use in determining the cutting parameters that should be implemented on the mower-conditioner. As a result, blades with oblique angles of 20° and 30° were manufactured and fitted to the mower-conditioner. The 30° oblique angle resulted in the greatest energy reduction with an energy consumption of 13.5 MJ Mg-1 as compared to 18.5 MJ Mg-1 for the conventional straight 0° blades. Further studies could reveal the effects of the replacement cost of the blades as compared to the savings achieved by using them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages2551-2564
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781627486651
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013 - Kansas City, MO, United States
Duration: Jul 21 2013Jul 24 2013

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013
Volume3

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013
CountryUnited States
CityKansas City, MO
Period7/21/137/24/13

Fingerprint

Lawn mowers
Miscanthus
conditioner mowers
Energy harvesting
energy requirements
Biofuels
Feedstocks
cutters
Crops
Machinery
energy use and consumption
energy crops
Energy utilization
feedstocks
biofuels
Costs
energy

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Blade angle
  • Cutting energy
  • Disk cutter
  • Efficiency
  • Energy consumption
  • Energy requirement
  • Forage
  • Harvesting
  • Machinery management
  • Miscanthus
  • Mower conditioner
  • Power requirement
  • Precision agriculture
  • Real-time
  • Self-propelled
  • Timeliness
  • Windrower
  • Yield
  • Yield mapping
  • Yield sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Maughan, J. D., Mathanker, S. K., Grift, T. E., & Hansen, A. C. (2013). Impact of blade angle on miscanthus harvesting energy requirement. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013 (pp. 2551-2564). (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013; Vol. 3). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.

Impact of blade angle on miscanthus harvesting energy requirement. / Maughan, J. D.; Mathanker, S. K.; Grift, Tony E; Hansen, Alan Christopher.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2013. p. 2551-2564 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013; Vol. 3).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Maughan, JD, Mathanker, SK, Grift, TE & Hansen, AC 2013, Impact of blade angle on miscanthus harvesting energy requirement. in American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013, vol. 3, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, pp. 2551-2564, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, Kansas City, MO, United States, 7/21/13.
Maughan JD, Mathanker SK, Grift TE, Hansen AC. Impact of blade angle on miscanthus harvesting energy requirement. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 2013. p. 2551-2564. (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013).
Maughan, J. D. ; Mathanker, S. K. ; Grift, Tony E ; Hansen, Alan Christopher. / Impact of blade angle on miscanthus harvesting energy requirement. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2013. pp. 2551-2564 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013).
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