Immunometabolism: A Multi-Omics Approach to Interpreting the Influence of Exercise and Diet on the Immune System

David C. Nieman, Mary Ann Lila, Nicholas D. Gillitt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Immunometabolism is an evolving field of scientific endeavor that merges immunology and metabolism and has provided valuable context when evaluating the influence of dietary interventions on exercise-induced immune dysfunction. Metabolomics, lipidomics, and proteomics provide a system-wide view of the metabolic response to exercise by simultaneously measuring and identifying a large number of small-molecule metabolites, lipids, and proteins. Many of these are involved with immune function and regulation and are sensitive to dietary influences, especially acute carbohydrate ingestion from either sugar beverages or fruits such as bananas. Emerging evidence using large multi-omics data sets supports the combined intake of fruit sugars and phytochemicals by athletes during heavy exertion as an effective strategy to improve metabolic recovery, augment viral defense, and counter postexercise inflammation and immune dysfunction at the cell level. Multi-omics methodologies have given investigators new outcome targets to assess the efficacy of various dietary interventions for physiologically stressed athletes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-363
Number of pages23
JournalAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
StatePublished - Mar 25 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Exercise
  • diet
  • immune function
  • lipidomics
  • metabolomics
  • proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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