Immunohistochemical and Biochemical Evidence of Ameloblastic Origin of Amyloid-Producing Odontogenic Tumors in Cats

M. A. Delaney, K. Singh, C. L. Murphy, A. Solomon, S. Nel, S. C. Boy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Amyloid-producing odontogenic tumors (APOT) are rare, and in cats, the histogenesis of the amyloid remains undetermined. In the present study, APOTs in 3 cats were characterized by immunohistochemistry, and the amyloid components analyzed using tandem mass spectrometry. Antiameloblastin antibodies labeled both neoplastic epithelial cells and amyloid in all cases. Neoplastic epithelial cells had strong, diffuse immunoreactivity to antibodies against cytokeratin AE1/AE3, cytokeratin 14, and cytokeratin 19 in all cases and focal immunoreactivity to nerve growth factor receptor antibodies in 2 of 3 cases. Amyloid and some tumor stromal cells were weakly positive for laminin. Calretinin, amelogenin, S100, and glial fibrillary acidic protein antibodies did not label neoplastic epithelial cells or amyloid. Extracted amyloid peptide sequences were compared to the porcine database because the cat genome is not yet complete. Based on this comparison, 1 identical ameloblastin peptide was detected in each tumor. These results suggest that feline APOTs and the amyloid they produce are of ameloblastic lineage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-242
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary pathology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • ameloblastin
  • ameloblasts
  • amyloid
  • amyloid-producing odontogenic tumor
  • cats
  • immunohistochemistry
  • mass spectrometry
  • odontogenic tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary


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