Imaging the molecular interstellar medium in a gravitationally lensed star-forming galaxy at z = 5.7

Yordanka Apostolovski, Manuel Aravena, Timo Anguita, Justin Spilker, Axel Weiß, Matthieu Béthermin, Scott C. Chapman, Chian Chou Chen, Daniel Cunningham, Carlos De Breuck, Chenxing Dong, Christopher C. Hayward, Yashar Hezaveh, Sreevani Jarugula, Katrina Litke, Jingzhe Ma, Daniel P. Marrone, Desika Narayanan, Cassie A. Reuter, Kaja RotermundJoaquin Vieira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims. We present and study spatially resolved imaging obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) of multiple 12CO(J =6-5, 8-7, and 9-8) and two H2O(202-111 and 211-202) emission lines and cold dust continuum toward the gravitationally lensed dusty star-forming galaxy SPT 0346-52 at z = 5.656. Methods. Using a visibility-domain source-plane reconstruction we probe the structure and dynamics of the different components of the interstellar medium (ISM) in this galaxy down to scales of 1 kpc in the source plane. Results. Measurements of the intrinsic sizes of the different CO emission lines indicate that the higher J transitions trace more compact regions in the galaxy. Similarly, we find smaller dust continuum intrinsic sizes with decreasing wavelength, based on observations at rest frame 130, 300, and 450 μm. The source shows significant velocity structure, and clear asymmetry where an elongated structure is observed in the source plane with significant variations in their reconstructed sizes. This could be attributed to a compact merger or turbulent disk rotation. The differences in velocity structure through the different line tracers, however, hint at the former scenario in agreement with previous [CII] line imaging results. Measurements of the CO line ratios and magnifications yield significant variations as a function of velocity, suggesting that modeling of the ISM using integrated values could be misinterpreted. Modeling of the ISM in SPT 0346-52 based on delensed fluxes indicates a highly dense and warm medium, qualitatively similar to that observed in high-redshift quasar hosts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA23
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume628
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

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galaxies
velocity structure
stars
dust
continuums
visibility
merger
modeling
asymmetry
magnification
tracer
probe
quasars
wavelength
tracers
plane source
probes
wavelengths
method
cold

Keywords

  • Galaxies: High-redshift
  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: Star formation
  • ISM: Molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Imaging the molecular interstellar medium in a gravitationally lensed star-forming galaxy at z = 5.7. / Apostolovski, Yordanka; Aravena, Manuel; Anguita, Timo; Spilker, Justin; Weiß, Axel; Béthermin, Matthieu; Chapman, Scott C.; Chen, Chian Chou; Cunningham, Daniel; De Breuck, Carlos; Dong, Chenxing; Hayward, Christopher C.; Hezaveh, Yashar; Jarugula, Sreevani; Litke, Katrina; Ma, Jingzhe; Marrone, Daniel P.; Narayanan, Desika; Reuter, Cassie A.; Rotermund, Kaja; Vieira, Joaquin.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 628, A23, 01.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Apostolovski, Y, Aravena, M, Anguita, T, Spilker, J, Weiß, A, Béthermin, M, Chapman, SC, Chen, CC, Cunningham, D, De Breuck, C, Dong, C, Hayward, CC, Hezaveh, Y, Jarugula, S, Litke, K, Ma, J, Marrone, DP, Narayanan, D, Reuter, CA, Rotermund, K & Vieira, J 2019, 'Imaging the molecular interstellar medium in a gravitationally lensed star-forming galaxy at z = 5.7', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 628, A23. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201935308
Apostolovski, Yordanka ; Aravena, Manuel ; Anguita, Timo ; Spilker, Justin ; Weiß, Axel ; Béthermin, Matthieu ; Chapman, Scott C. ; Chen, Chian Chou ; Cunningham, Daniel ; De Breuck, Carlos ; Dong, Chenxing ; Hayward, Christopher C. ; Hezaveh, Yashar ; Jarugula, Sreevani ; Litke, Katrina ; Ma, Jingzhe ; Marrone, Daniel P. ; Narayanan, Desika ; Reuter, Cassie A. ; Rotermund, Kaja ; Vieira, Joaquin. / Imaging the molecular interstellar medium in a gravitationally lensed star-forming galaxy at z = 5.7. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2019 ; Vol. 628.
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abstract = "Aims. We present and study spatially resolved imaging obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) of multiple 12CO(J =6-5, 8-7, and 9-8) and two H2O(202-111 and 211-202) emission lines and cold dust continuum toward the gravitationally lensed dusty star-forming galaxy SPT 0346-52 at z = 5.656. Methods. Using a visibility-domain source-plane reconstruction we probe the structure and dynamics of the different components of the interstellar medium (ISM) in this galaxy down to scales of 1 kpc in the source plane. Results. Measurements of the intrinsic sizes of the different CO emission lines indicate that the higher J transitions trace more compact regions in the galaxy. Similarly, we find smaller dust continuum intrinsic sizes with decreasing wavelength, based on observations at rest frame 130, 300, and 450 μm. The source shows significant velocity structure, and clear asymmetry where an elongated structure is observed in the source plane with significant variations in their reconstructed sizes. This could be attributed to a compact merger or turbulent disk rotation. The differences in velocity structure through the different line tracers, however, hint at the former scenario in agreement with previous [CII] line imaging results. Measurements of the CO line ratios and magnifications yield significant variations as a function of velocity, suggesting that modeling of the ISM using integrated values could be misinterpreted. Modeling of the ISM in SPT 0346-52 based on delensed fluxes indicates a highly dense and warm medium, qualitatively similar to that observed in high-redshift quasar hosts.",
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T1 - Imaging the molecular interstellar medium in a gravitationally lensed star-forming galaxy at z = 5.7

AU - Apostolovski, Yordanka

AU - Aravena, Manuel

AU - Anguita, Timo

AU - Spilker, Justin

AU - Weiß, Axel

AU - Béthermin, Matthieu

AU - Chapman, Scott C.

AU - Chen, Chian Chou

AU - Cunningham, Daniel

AU - De Breuck, Carlos

AU - Dong, Chenxing

AU - Hayward, Christopher C.

AU - Hezaveh, Yashar

AU - Jarugula, Sreevani

AU - Litke, Katrina

AU - Ma, Jingzhe

AU - Marrone, Daniel P.

AU - Narayanan, Desika

AU - Reuter, Cassie A.

AU - Rotermund, Kaja

AU - Vieira, Joaquin

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Aims. We present and study spatially resolved imaging obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) of multiple 12CO(J =6-5, 8-7, and 9-8) and two H2O(202-111 and 211-202) emission lines and cold dust continuum toward the gravitationally lensed dusty star-forming galaxy SPT 0346-52 at z = 5.656. Methods. Using a visibility-domain source-plane reconstruction we probe the structure and dynamics of the different components of the interstellar medium (ISM) in this galaxy down to scales of 1 kpc in the source plane. Results. Measurements of the intrinsic sizes of the different CO emission lines indicate that the higher J transitions trace more compact regions in the galaxy. Similarly, we find smaller dust continuum intrinsic sizes with decreasing wavelength, based on observations at rest frame 130, 300, and 450 μm. The source shows significant velocity structure, and clear asymmetry where an elongated structure is observed in the source plane with significant variations in their reconstructed sizes. This could be attributed to a compact merger or turbulent disk rotation. The differences in velocity structure through the different line tracers, however, hint at the former scenario in agreement with previous [CII] line imaging results. Measurements of the CO line ratios and magnifications yield significant variations as a function of velocity, suggesting that modeling of the ISM using integrated values could be misinterpreted. Modeling of the ISM in SPT 0346-52 based on delensed fluxes indicates a highly dense and warm medium, qualitatively similar to that observed in high-redshift quasar hosts.

AB - Aims. We present and study spatially resolved imaging obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) of multiple 12CO(J =6-5, 8-7, and 9-8) and two H2O(202-111 and 211-202) emission lines and cold dust continuum toward the gravitationally lensed dusty star-forming galaxy SPT 0346-52 at z = 5.656. Methods. Using a visibility-domain source-plane reconstruction we probe the structure and dynamics of the different components of the interstellar medium (ISM) in this galaxy down to scales of 1 kpc in the source plane. Results. Measurements of the intrinsic sizes of the different CO emission lines indicate that the higher J transitions trace more compact regions in the galaxy. Similarly, we find smaller dust continuum intrinsic sizes with decreasing wavelength, based on observations at rest frame 130, 300, and 450 μm. The source shows significant velocity structure, and clear asymmetry where an elongated structure is observed in the source plane with significant variations in their reconstructed sizes. This could be attributed to a compact merger or turbulent disk rotation. The differences in velocity structure through the different line tracers, however, hint at the former scenario in agreement with previous [CII] line imaging results. Measurements of the CO line ratios and magnifications yield significant variations as a function of velocity, suggesting that modeling of the ISM using integrated values could be misinterpreted. Modeling of the ISM in SPT 0346-52 based on delensed fluxes indicates a highly dense and warm medium, qualitatively similar to that observed in high-redshift quasar hosts.

KW - Galaxies: High-redshift

KW - Galaxies: ISM

KW - Galaxies: Star formation

KW - ISM: Molecules

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