Ignition and combustion of aluminum particles in shocked H2O/O2/Ar and CO2/O2/Ar mixtures

James C. Servaites, R. L. Burton, J. C. Melcher, Herman Krier

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Small aluminum particles (5-10 μm) are ignited in atmospheres consisting of Ar and varying amounts of H2O, CO2, and O, at the endwall of a shock tube to study the burning characteristics in various combinations of these oxidizers. A reflected shock is used to obtain pressures of ~8.5 atm. and temperatures of ~2600 K. Visible wavelength emission spectra are recorded using a spectrometer coupled to a streak camera, and two photodetectors record intensity versus time at AIO emission wavelengths of 486 and 514 nm. The streak camera allows recording of multiple time-resolved spectra at rates of 100 μs per spectrum. Aluminum particles ignited in mixtures of CO2/O2/Ar exhibited a burn time of about one half that of an atmosphere containing only a mixture of O2/Ar, holding the argon constant at 40%. In addition, as CO, was substituted for O, in successive experiments, a non-linear relationship was observed for ignition delay time and burn time. Within mixtures of H2O/O2/Ar, two distinct burning stages are visible for the combusting aluminum particles. As an increasing amount of H2O was substituted for O2 in separate tests, a second distinct burning stage developed. Spectroscopic data recorded during such experiments portray AIO emission during both combustion stages. Aluminum particles combusted in a mixture of H2O/Ar show burn times 2-5 times greater than those from CO2/O2/Ar mixtures, and ignition delay times 3-6 times greater.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2000
Event35th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference and Exhibit 2000 - Las Vegas, NV, United States
Duration: Jul 24 2000Jul 28 2000


Other35th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference and Exhibit 2000
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas, NV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ignition and combustion of aluminum particles in shocked H<sub>2</sub>O/O<sub>2</sub>/Ar and CO<sub>2</sub>/O<sub>2</sub>/Ar mixtures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this