‘If you agree with me, do I trust you?’: An examination of human-agent trust from a psychological perspective

Hsiao Ying Huang, Michael Twidale, Masooda Bashir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Applications of automated agent systems in daily life have changed the role of human operators from a controller to a teammate. However, this ‘teammate’ relationship between humans and agents raises an important but challenging question: how do humans develop trust when interacting with automated agents that are human-like? In this study, a two-phase online experiment was conducted to examine the effect of attitudinal congruence and individual personalities on users’ trust toward an anthropomorphic agent. Our results suggest that the degree of an agent’s response congruence had no significant impacts on users’ trust toward the agent. In terms of individual personalities, we found one personality trait that has significant impact on users’ formation of human-agent trust. Although our data does not support the effect of attitudinal congruence on human-agent trust formation, this study provides the essential empirical evidence that benefits future research in this field. More importantly, in this paper we address the unusual challenges in our experimental design and what our null results imply about the formation of human-agent trust. This study not only sheds light on trust formation in human-agent collaboration but also provides insight for the future design of automated agent systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIntelligent Systems and Applications - Proceedings of the 2019 Intelligent Systems Conference IntelliSys Volume 2
EditorsYaxin Bi, Rahul Bhatia, Supriya Kapoor
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9783030295127
StatePublished - 2020
EventIntelligent Systems Conference, IntelliSys 2019 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Sep 5 2019Sep 6 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
ISSN (Print)2194-5357
ISSN (Electronic)2194-5365


ConferenceIntelligent Systems Conference, IntelliSys 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • Decision-aids automation
  • Human-agent interaction
  • Personality traits
  • Social psychology
  • Trust formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • General Computer Science


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