Ideology and gender: Observers system justification and targets gender as interactive predictors of citizenship expectations

Dan S. Chiaburu, T. Brad Harris, Troy A. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We integrate system justification and social role theory to explain how observers system justification and target employees gender interact to predict observers expectations of targets sportsmanship citizenship behaviors. In contrast with social role theory predictions, observers did not expect greater levels of sportsmanship from women compared to men. Yet observers expected more sportsmanship from women (a) when observers were ideologically motivated by gender-specific beliefs (gender-specific system justification; Study 1) and (b) when system justification was cued experimentally (Study 2). A heretofore-unexamined aspect, observers ideology, modifies their expectations of sportsmanship citizenship across target genders. This has implications for system justification, social role, and organizational citizenship theoretical perspectives. ©

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-298
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Volume154
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • gender-specific system justification (GSSJ)
  • organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs)
  • social role theory
  • sportsmanship
  • system justification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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