Identifying Coolwater Streams in Illinois [Conference presentation]

Leon C. Hinz, Jr., Brian A. Metzke, John M. Epifanio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The Illinois DNR developed a candidate list of coolwater streams based on distributions of 17 fish species and a statewide model of groundwater potential. Thirteen of these species are listed in the Wildlife Action Plan as in greatest need of conservation suggesting their habitats are rare and in need of protection. This project combines the collection of temperature, habitat, and biological information to evaluate the coolwater selection criteria, verify candidate site status, and characterize conditions in coolwater streams. Thermal records from 112 sites have been summarized with 40% of evaluated candidate sites meeting our coolwater criteria (July mean < 22 C) suggesting that further evaluation of selection criteria is warranted. Several species (e.g., blacknose dace, largescale stoneroller) have promise as good indicators of cool waters in Illinois but many candidate species appear to be eurythermal, have limited geographical distributions, or are too rare to evaluate. Catchment summaries and temperature records from 72 stations were used to develop MLR models of maximum (R2adj=0.48, SE=1.7) and minimum (R2adj=0.63, SE=1.4) summer temperature that predict coolwater conditions for roughly 16% of all stream reaches in Illinois. Further data collection and analysis are planned to assist in the identification of coolwater stream resources.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication56th Annual Meeting of the North American Benthological Society (NABS 2008); 25-30 May 2008 Salt Lake City, Utah (USA)
StatePublished - 2008


  • INHS


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