Identifying and predicting criminal career profiles from adolescence to age 39

Bo Kyung Elizabeth Kim, Amanda B. Gilman, Kevin P. Tan, Rick Kosterman, Jennifer A. Bailey, Richard F. Catalano, J. David Hawkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Few longitudinal studies are capable of identifying criminal career profiles using both self-report and official court data beyond the 30s. The current study aims to identify criminal career profiles across three developmental periods using self-report data, validate these profiles with official court records and determine early childhood predictors. Data came from the Seattle Social Development Project (n = 808). Latent Class Analysis was used to examine criminal careers from self-reported data during adolescence (aged 14–18), early adulthood (aged 21–27) and middle adulthood (aged 30–39). Official court records were used to validate the classes. Childhood risk and promotive factors measured at ages 11–12 were used to predict classes. Findings revealed four career classes: non-offending (35.6%), adolescence-limited (33.2%), adult desister (18.3%) and life-course/persistent (12.9%). Official court records are consistent with the description of the classes. Early life school and family environments as well as having antisocial beliefs and friends differentiate membership across the classes. The results of this study, with a gender-balanced and racially diverse sample, bolster the current criminal career knowledge by examining multiple developmental periods into the 30s using both self-report and official court data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-220
Number of pages11
JournalCriminal Behaviour and Mental Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • Criminal career
  • early risk factors
  • life-course-persistent offending
  • offending profiles
  • promotive factors
  • protective factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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