Tar spot of maize (Zea mays L.), caused by the obligate biotroph Phyllachora maydis Maubl., is an emerging disease in the United States and Canada, and the identification of sources of resistance for tar spot will enable the development of resistant hybrids. In 2019 and 2020, 25 accessions from the germplasm enhancement of maize (GEM) project containing exotic introgressions in elite backgrounds were evaluated in nine environments for tar spot severity. Environmental conditions had a major influence on disease development, as tar spot severity varied across locations with only four of the nine locations showing moderate to high levels of disease. In five environments, disease levels were low and disease severity data was not collected or used. Accessions were visually evaluated for tar spot during reproductive growth stages in three environments and during vegetative growth stages in one environment. There was a strong correlation between resistance to P. maydis across locations where accessions were evaluated in reproductive growth stages. Two accessions, GEMS-0066 and GEMS-0226, were the most resistant and could prove useful for tar spot resistance breeding. These accessions are publicly available and able to be directly used in breeding programs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science