Identification of Milk Fat Metabolism-Related Pathways of the Bovine Mammary Gland during Mid and Late Lactation and Functional Verification of the ACSL4 Gene

Yongliang Fan, Ziyin Han, Xubin Lu, Huimin Zhang, Abdelaziz Adam Idriss Arbab, Juan J. Loor, Yi Yang, Zhangping Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The concentration of bovine milk fat changes regularly with lactation stages. In particular, milk fat percentage is higher in late lactation than mid lactation. Furthermore, milk fat composition is highly subject to a few genes. Thus, transcriptome sequencing was performed to explore the expression patterns of differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) in the parenchymal mammary gland of Holstein dairy cows between mid and late lactation. The 725 DEGs were screened (fold change > 2 and p-value < 0.05), and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway associated with lipid synthesis had a significant variation between the two periods (p-value < 0.05). The activation of the PPAR signal pathway may a key factor in the increasing of milk fat content in late lactation compared to mid lactation. Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4), a member of the PPAR signaling pathway, was upregulated in late lactation compared to mid lactation (p < 0.05). ACSL4 catalyzes the activation of long-chain fatty acids for cellular lipid synthesis. However, it remains uncertain that the molecular mechanism of milk fat synthesis is regulated by ACSL4 in dairy cows. Subsequently, the function verification of ACSL4 was performed in bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs). The upregulated expression of ACSL4 was accompanied by the increase of the concentration of intracellular triglycerides, whereas knockdown of ACSL4 decreased the concentration of intracellular triglycerides, which demonstrated that ACSL4 plays an important role in modulating milk fat synthesis. In conclusion, the results displayed that ACSL4 expression regulates triglyceride metabolism in ruminant mammary cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1357
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalGenes
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2020

Keywords

  • ACSL4
  • Holstein dairy cow
  • Mammary gland
  • Milk fat
  • Transcriptome
  • Triglyceride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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