Identification of cellular genes affecting the infectivity of foot-and-mouth disease virus

Maria E. Piccone, Yanan Feng, Annie C.Y. Chang, Ronen Mosseri, Quan Lu, Gerald F. Kutish, Zhiqiang Lu, Thomas G. Burrage, Christina Gooch, Daniel L. Rock, Stanley N. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) produces one of the most infectious of all livestock diseases, causing extensive economic loss in areas of breakout. Like other viral pathogens, FMDV recruits proteins encoded by host cell genes to accomplish the entry, replication, and release of infectious viral particles. To identify such host-encoded proteins, we employed an antisense RNA strategy and a lentivirus-based library containing approximately 40,000 human expressed sequence tags (ESTs) to randomly inactivate chromosomal genes in a bovine kidney cell line (LF-BK) that is highly susceptible to FMDV infection and then isolated clones that survived multiple rounds of exposure to the virus. Here, we report the identification of ESTs whose expression in antisense orientation limited host cell killing by FMDV and restricted viral propagation. The role of one such EST, that of ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 6 (NTPDase6; also known as CD39L2), a membrane-associated ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase that previously was not suspected of involvement in the propagation of viral pathogens and which we now show is required for normal synthesis of FMDV RNA and proteins, is described in this report.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6681-6688
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of virology
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology


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