Identification of a novel herpesvirus in captive Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina)

Richard R. Sim, Terry M. Norton, Ellen Bronson, Matthew C. Allender, Nancy Stedman, April L. Childress, James F.X. Wellehan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Herpesvirus infection was identified in two populations of captive Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) using histopathology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with DNA sequencing. Necrotizing lesions with eosinophilic to amphophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies were identified in the tissues of one hatch-year individual in January 2013, which was herpesvirus positive by PCR. A separate captive group of adults had an observed herpesvirus prevalence of 58% using PCR in July 2011. In these cases, a novel herpesvirus, Terrapene herpesvirus 1 (TerHV1), was identified and serves as the first herpesvirus sequenced in the genus Terrapene. Similar to the other herpesviruses of the Order Testudines, TerHV1 clusters with the genus Scutavirus of the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-223
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Issue number2-4
StatePublished - 2015


  • Eastern box turtle
  • Emydidae
  • Herpesvirus
  • Scutavirus
  • TerHV1
  • Terrapene carolina carolina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)


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