Hydrolysis and fermentation of pericarp and endosperm fibers recovered from enzymatic corn dry-grind process

Bruce S. Dien, David B. Johnston, Kevin B. Hicks, Michael A. Cotta, Vijay Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A modified dry-grind corn process has been developed that allows recovery of both pericarp and endosperm fibers as coproducts at the front end of the process before fermentation. The modified process is called enzymatic milling (E-Mill) dry-grind process. In a conventional dry-grind corn process, only the starch component of the corn kernel is converted into ethanol. Additional ethanol can be produced from corn if the fiber component can also be converted into ethanol. In this study, pericarp and endosperm fibers recovered in the E-Mill dry-grind process were evaluated as a potential ethanol feedstock. Both fractions were tested for fermentability and potential ethanol yield. Total ethanol yield recovered from corn by fermenting starch, pericarp, and endosperm fibers was also determined. Results show that endosperm fiber produced 20.5% more ethanol than pericarp fiber on a g/100 g of fiber basis. Total ethanol yield obtained by fermenting starch and both fiber fractions was 0.370 L/kg compared with ethanol yield of 0.334 L/kg obtained by fermenting starch alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-620
Number of pages5
JournalCereal Chemistry
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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