Hydrogen ion adsorption at the rutile-water interface to 250°C

Michael L. Machesky, Donald A. Palmer, David J. Wesolowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A stirred hydrogen-electrode concentration cell was used to follow hydrogen ion adsorption by the rutile surface in NaCl media (0.01-1.0 m) between 25 and 250°C. The pH of zero net surface charge (pHzpc) decreases to 200°C and then appears to increase. Away from the pHzpc, negative surface charge is screened more efficiently by Na+ ions than positive charge is by Cl- ions and this effect increases with temperature. Thus, Na+ moves closer to the rutile surface with increasing temperature relative to Cl-. Finally, [pHzpc - 1 2pKw] is approximately constant (- 1.1 ± 0.2) for this rutile sample to 250°C and is also equivalent to the equilibrium constant for an isocoulombic form of the "IpKa" surface ionization model. Thus, the constancy of [pHzpc - 1 2pKw] may also be useful for extrapolating rutile pHzpc values to higher temperatures and pressures than those studied here, and may also apply to many other oxide surfaces as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5627-5632
Number of pages6
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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