Hydrodynamic interactions between biofilms and flow

Farzan Kazemifar, Gianluca Blois, Marcelo Aybar, Patricia Perez Calleja, Robert Nerenberg, Sumit Sinha, Richard J. Hardy, James L. Best, Gregory H.Sambrook Smith, Kenneth T. Christensen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Biofilms constitute an important form of bacterial life in aquatic environments and are present at the interface of fluids and solids, such as riverbeds or bridge columns. They are also utilized in bioreactors for bioremediation and water treatment purposes. Biofilms are permeable, heterogeneous, and deformable structures that can influence the flow and mass/momentum transport, yet their interaction with flow is not fully understood in part due to technical obstacles impeding quantitative experimental investigations. We have attempted to address these challenges using the PIV technique and fluorescence imaging to investigate the flow field around cylinders enveloped by biofilms at different growth stages. These measurements aim to uncover the coupled dynamics of turbulence and the biofilm development. Preliminary results of PIV measurements of flow-biofilm interactions in channel flow are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRiver Flow 2016
Subtitle of host publicationIowa City, USA, July 11-14, 2016
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781317289128
ISBN (Print)9781315644479
StatePublished - Jun 22 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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