Hydraulic Evaluation of the Design and Operation of Ancient Rome's Anio Novus Aqueduct

D. Motta, D. Keenan-Jones, Marcelo Horacio Garcia, Bruce W Fouke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper evaluates conveyance and flow characteristics for the Anio Novus, the aqueduct bringing water from the greatest distance to ancient Rome. Travertine accumulations, deposited from water on floor and walls, were used to reconstruct the flow rate and associated spatial and temporal variations. Hydraulic quantities (e.g., flow depth and velocity) markedly varied over the course of the aqueduct, implying that constraints such as topography and construction techniques were combined with hydraulic considerations to determine the aqueduct layout. Design practices differed along the aqueduct and channel size design was not based exclusively on anticipated carrying capacity, tending towards larger-than-necessary design based on experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1150-1174
Number of pages25
JournalArchaeometry
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

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water
evaluation
layout
geography
experience
Hydraulics
Evaluation
Ancient Rome
Water
Travertine
Topography
Carrying Capacity
Layout
Construction Technique

Keywords

  • aqueduct
  • conveyance
  • hydraulic simulation
  • imperial Rome
  • travertine
  • water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Hydraulic Evaluation of the Design and Operation of Ancient Rome's Anio Novus Aqueduct. / Motta, D.; Keenan-Jones, D.; Garcia, Marcelo Horacio; Fouke, Bruce W.

In: Archaeometry, Vol. 59, No. 6, 12.2017, p. 1150-1174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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