Hybrid Plasmonic Bullseye Antennas for Efficient Photon Collection

Sebastian K.H. Andersen, Simeon Bogdanov, Oksana Makarova, Yi Xuan, Mikhail Y. Shalaginov, Alexandra Boltasseva, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi, Vladimir M. Shalaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We propose highly efficient hybrid plasmonic bullseye antennas for collecting photon emission from nm-sized quantum emitters. In our approach, the emitter radiation is coupled to surface plasmon polaritons that are consequently converted into highly directional out-of-plane emission. The proposed configuration consists of a high-index titania bullseye grating separated from a planar silver film by a thin low-index silica spacer layer. Such hybrid systems are theoretically capable of directing 85% of the dipole emission into a 0.9 NA objective, while featuring a spectrally narrow-band tunable decay rate enhancement of close to 20 at the design wavelength. Hybrid antenna structures were fabricated by standard electron-beam lithography without the use of lossy adhesion layers that might be detrimental to antenna performance. The fabricated antennas remained undamaged at saturation laser powers exhibiting stable operation. For experimental characterization of the antenna properties, a fluorescent nanodiamond containing multiple nitrogen vacancy centers (NV-center) was deterministically placed in the bullseye center, using an atomic force microscope. Probing the NV-center fluorescence we demonstrate resonantly enhanced, highly directional emission at the design wavelength of 670 nm, whose characteristics are in excellent agreement with our numerical simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-698
Number of pages7
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 21 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Plasmonics
  • collection efficiency
  • fluorescence
  • nitrogen-vacancy center
  • quantum emitter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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