Hunting, Conservation, and Waterfowl Management in North America

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The North American Migratory Bird Treaty (NAMBT) between the United States, Canada, and Mexico was enacted in 1918 in response to rapidly declining populations of migratory birds as a result of commercial uses of feathers and whole birds. This treaty provides for protection of wintering and spring nesting habitats, population monitoring, and regulated hunting. Similar treaties also exist between the United States and Japan and the U.S.A. and Russia. One of the principal outcomes of this treaty was the establishment of waterfowl flyways in North America. However, during the 1980s waterfowl populations dropped to levels not seen since the commercial depredations of the late nineteenth century, and for some species populations reached record low levels. In response to these population declines the North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP) was adopted between the U.S.A., Canada, and Mexico. This plan, in conjunction with the NAMBT, embraces Adaptive Harvest Management (AHM) to ensure sustainable populations of waterfowl throughout North America. Through AHM hunting is closely regulated to maintain viable populations, and as such provides an important function as compensatory mortality by allowing for the take of surplus birds from breeding populations. In this manner, hunting is closely linked with conservation and sustainability of waterfowl throughout North America. This presentation will focus on the role hunting plays in conservation and maintaining sustainable waterfowl populations in North America.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIWMC2015 ABSTRACTS: Vth International Wildlife Management Congress
StatePublished - 2015


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