Human odontoblasts express transient receptor protein and acid-sensing ion channel mechanosensor proteins

Antonio Solé-Magdalena, Enrique G. Revuelta, Ivan Menénez-Díaz, Marta G. Calavia, Teresa Cobo, Olivia García-Suárez, Pablo Pérez-Piñera, Felix De Carlos, Juan Cobo, Jose A. Vega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diverse proteins of the denegerin/epithelial sodium channel (DEG/ENa+C) superfamily, in particular those belonging to the acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) family, as well as some members of the transient receptor protein (TRP) channel, function as mechanosensors or may be required for mechanosensation in a diverse range of species and cell types. Therefore, we investigated the putative mechanosensitive function of human odontoblasts using immunohistochemistry to detect ENa+C subunits (α, β, and γ) and ASIC (1, 2, 3, and 4) proteins, as well as TRPV4, in these cells. Positive and specific immunoreactivity in the odontoblast soma and/or processes was detected for all proteins studied except α-ENa+C. The intensity of immunostaining was high for β-ENa+C and ASIC2, whereas it was low for ASIC1, ASIC3, γ-ENa+C, and TRPV4, being absent for α-ENa+C and ASIC4. These results suggest that human odontoblasts in situ express proteins related to mechanosensitive channels that probably participate in the mechanisms involved in teeth sensory transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-463
Number of pages7
JournalMicroscopy research and technique
Volume74
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acid-sensing ion channels
  • Epithelial-Na channels
  • Human
  • Odontoblasts
  • Transient receptor potential channel V4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Instrumentation
  • Histology
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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