Human Milk: Composition and Nutritional Value

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Human milk (HM) provides optimal nutrition and facilitates the infant's transition to extrauterine life by providing immunomodulatory components. The HM nutrient profile is shaped by the maternal genetics and to varying degrees by maternal diet. Protein, lactose, minerals, and trace elements are not affected by maternal nutrition, while fat composition and fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamin content are influenced by maternal diet. Oligosaccharide composition is determined by maternal genetics. Milk of healthy mothers meets the requirements for all nutrients except vitamins D and K and iron, which are recommended to be supplemented to the infant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Food and Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages357-362
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780123849533
ISBN (Print)9780123849472
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2015

Fingerprint

Nutritive Value
Human Milk
Mothers
Fats
Diet
Food
Vitamin K
Trace Elements
Lactose
Oligosaccharides
Vitamin D
Vitamins
Minerals
Milk
Iron
Water
Proteins

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • Cytokines
  • Growth factors
  • Hormones
  • Human milk
  • Human milk oligosaccharides
  • Infant formula
  • Lactose
  • Nutrients
  • Protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Monaco, M. H., Kim, J., & Donovan, S. M. (2015). Human Milk: Composition and Nutritional Value. In Encyclopedia of Food and Health (pp. 357-362). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00413-X

Human Milk : Composition and Nutritional Value. / Monaco, M. H.; Kim, J.; Donovan, S. M.

Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Elsevier Inc., 2015. p. 357-362.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Monaco, MH, Kim, J & Donovan, SM 2015, Human Milk: Composition and Nutritional Value. in Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Elsevier Inc., pp. 357-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00413-X
Monaco MH, Kim J, Donovan SM. Human Milk: Composition and Nutritional Value. In Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Elsevier Inc. 2015. p. 357-362 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00413-X
Monaco, M. H. ; Kim, J. ; Donovan, S. M. / Human Milk : Composition and Nutritional Value. Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Elsevier Inc., 2015. pp. 357-362
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