How everyday visual experience prepares the way for learning object names

Elizabeth M. Clerkin, Elizabeth Hart, James M. Rehg, Chen Yu, Linda B. Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Infants learn their first object names by linking heard names to scenes. A core theoretical problem is how infants select the right referent from cluttered and ambiguous scenes. Here we show how the distributional properties of objects in young infants' visual experiences may help solve this core problem in early word learning. Infant perspective scenes of mealtimes were collected using head cameras worn by 9-month-old infants (147 mealtimes from 8 infants). The frequency distribution of objects was extremely skewed with the most frequent visual objects corresponding to the normatively first learned object names in English.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics, ICDL-EpiRob 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages126-131
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509050697
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 7 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event2016 Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics, ICDL-EpiRob 2016 - Cergy-Pontoise, France
Duration: Sep 19 2016Sep 22 2016

Publication series

Name2016 Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics, ICDL-EpiRob 2016

Conference

Conference2016 Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics, ICDL-EpiRob 2016
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityCergy-Pontoise
Period9/19/169/22/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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