How a hearing aid transducer works

Noori Kim, Jont Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The oldest magnetic earphone, the Balanced Armature Receiver (BAR), is the most widely used receivers in modern hearing-aid instruments, where the efficiency of the power (battery life) and the size of the device, as well as the larger frequency bandwidth, are critical parameters. Since these miniature loudspeakers remain one of the most expensive components of the hearing-aids, a detailed studying of them is a cornerstone of understanding the hearing-aid system, and we believe that the appropriate and rigorous analysis of this transducer is critical. The motivation of this study started from the modeling of a widely-used commercial hearing-aid receiver ED series, manufactured by Knowles Electronics, Inc. Our proposed model includes a semi-inductor and a gyrator along with the two-port network glue which enables us an intuitive design of the electromagnetic transducer. Based on the BAR model, we will investigate and discuss the roles of each physical component in the BAR such as a coil, magnets, an armature, a diaphragm, and the rear volume of the receiver. Ultimately, this work will deliver a fundamental and innate answer for the question, 'How does a hearing-aid transducer work?'.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number030048
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Jun 2 2013Jun 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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