Host-Parasite Associations in Small Mammal Communities in Semiarid Savanna Ecosystems of East Africa

Ana Sofia Guerra, Ralph P. Eckerlin, Ashley P.G. Dowling, Lance A. Durden, Richard G. Robbins, Katharina Dittmar, Kristofer M. Helgen, Bernard Agwanda, Brian F. Allan, Tyler Hedlund, Hillary S. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite the established importance of rodents as reservoirs of vector-borne zoonoses in East Africa, there is relatively limited information regarding the infestation parameters and host associations of ectoparasites that vector many such pathogens among small mammals in this region. Between 2009 and 2013, small mammals were live-trapped in the semiarid savanna of Kenya. A subset of these individual hosts, including 20 distinct host taxa, was examined for ectoparasites, which were identified to species. Species of fleas, ticks, mites, and sucking lice were recorded. Based on these data, we calculated host-specific infestation parameters, documented host preferences among ectoparasites, conducted a rarefaction analysis and extrapolation to determine if ectoparasites were adequately sampled, and assessed nestedness for fleas to understand how pathogens might spread in this system. We found that the flea community structure was significantly nested. Understanding the ectoparasite network structure may have significant human relevance, as at least seven of the ectoparasite species collected are known vectors of pathogens of medical importance in the region, including Yersinia pestis, Rickettsia spp., and Theileria parva, the causative agents of plague, spotted fevers and other rickettsial illnesses in humans, and theileriosis, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)851-860
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of medical entomology
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • ectoparasite
  • flea
  • louse
  • mite
  • tick

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

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