Horizontal and vertical cultural differences in the content of advertising appeals

Sharon Shavitt, Timothy P. Johnson, Jing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The distinction between vertical (emphasizing hierarchy) and horizontal (valuing equality) cultures yields novel predictions regarding the prevalence of advertising appeals. A content analysis of 1211 magazine advertisements in five countries (Denmark, Korea, Poland, Russia, U.S.) revealed differences in ad content that underscore the value of this distinction. Patterns in the degree to which ads emphasized status benefits and uniqueness benefits corresponded to the countries' vertical/horizontal cultural classification. These and other patterns of ad benefits are analyzed, and the predictions afforded by the vertical/horizontal distinction versus the broader individualism/collectivism distinction are compared and tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-310
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of International Consumer Marketing
Volume23
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

Keywords

  • Advertising appeals
  • Content analysis
  • Cultural differences
  • Denmark
  • Horizontal culture
  • Individualism-collectivism distinction
  • Korea
  • Poland
  • Russia
  • USA
  • Vertical culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Marketing

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Horizontal and vertical cultural differences in the content of advertising appeals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this