In Differentiated Service (DiffServ) networks, the routing algorithms used by the premium class traffic, due to the high priority afforded to that traffic, may have a significant impact not only on the premium class traffic itself, but on all other classes of traffic as well. The shortest hop-count routing scheme, used in current Internet, turns out to be no longer sufficient in DiffServ networks. This paper studies the problem of finding optimal routes for the premium-class traffic in a DiffServ domain, such that (1) no forwarding loop exists in the entire network in the context of hop-by-hop routing; and (2) the residual bandwidth on bottleneck links is maximized. This problem is called the Optimal Premium-class Routing (OPR) problem. We prove in this paper that the OPR problem is NP-hard. To handle the OPR problem, first, we analyze the strength and weaknesses of two existing algorithms (Widest-Shortest-Path algorithm and Bandwidth-inversion Shortest-Path algorithm). Second, we propose a novel heuristic algorithm, called the Enhanced Bandwidth-inversion Shortest-Path (EBSP) algorithm. We prove theoretically the correctness of the EBSP algorithm, i.e., we show that it is consistent and loop-free. Our extensive simulations in different network environments show clearly that the EBSP algorithm performs better when routing the premium traffic in complex, heterogeneous networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-88
Number of pages16
JournalComputer Communication Review
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2002


  • Differentiated Service
  • Hop-by-hop Routing
  • Premium Class
  • Saturate Bandwidth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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