Honey Varietals Differentially Impact Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis Survivability in Yogurt through Simulated In Vitro Digestion

David A. Alvarado, Luis Alberto Ibarra-Sánchez, Annemarie R. Mysonhimer, Tauseef A. Khan, Rong Cao, Michael J. Miller, Hannah D. Holscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis DN-173 010/CNCM I-2494 (B. animalis) is a probiotic strain commonly added to yogurt. Yogurt and honey are a popular culinary pairing. Honey improves bifidobacteria survival in vitro. However, probiotic survival in yogurt with honey during in vitro digestion has not been investigated. Objectives: The study aimed to evaluate the effects of different honey varietals and concentrations on B. animalis survivability in yogurt through in vitro digestion. Methods: Yogurt with honey or control-treated samples underwent in vitro simulated oral, gastric, and intestinal digestion. B. animalis cells were enumerated on de Man Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) medium followed by an overlay with a modified selective MRS medium; all underwent anaerobic incubation. B. animalis were enumerated predigestion and after oral, gastric, and intestinal digestion. There were 2 study phases: Phase 1 tested 4 honey varietals at 20% wt/wt per 170 g yogurt, and Phase 2 tested 7 dosages of clover honey (20, 14, 10, 9, 8, 6, and 4% wt/wt) per 170 g yogurt. Results: Similar B. animalis counts were observed between all treatments after oral and gastric digestion (<1 Log colony forming units (CFU)/g probiotic reduction). Higher B. animalis survivability was observed in yogurt with clover honey after exposure to simulated intestinal fluids (∼3.5 Log CFU/g reduction; P < 0.05) compared to all control treatments (∼5.5 Log CFU/g reduction; P < 0.05). Yogurt with 10–20% wt/wt clover honey increased B. animalis survivability after simulated in vitro digestion (≤ ∼4.7 Log CFU/g survival; P < 0.05). Conclusions: Yogurt with added honey improves probiotic survivability during in vitro digestion. The effective dose of clover honey in yogurt was 10–20% wt/wt per serving (1–2 tablespoons per 170 g yogurt) for increased probiotic survivability during in vitro digestion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)866-874
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume154
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • honey
  • in vitro digestion
  • probiotic
  • yogurt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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