We recently demonstrated that linker histone H1, which is thought to have a fundamental role in higher-order chromatin structure, becomes transiently dephosphorylated after ionizing radiation (IR) in a mutated ataxia telangiectasia (ATM) dependent manner. To establish whether H1 dephosphorylation was a component of a damage-response pathway that included dephosphorylation of other histones, we asked whether H3 was dephosphorylated in response to IR in a manner similar to H1. H1 and H3 are maximally phosphorylated in metaphase and both are dephosphorylated after IR. However, the duration of IR-induced H3 dephosphorylation is significantly longer than that of IR-induced H1 dephosphorylation. Moreover, H1 dephosphorylation is ATM-dependent, whereas H3 dephosphorylation is ATM-independent. These observations suggest that the damage-sensing pathways regulating H3 and H1 dephosphorylation diverge upstream of ATM.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Oct 15 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research