Histone acetyltransferase activity is conserved between yeast and human GCN5 and is required for complementation of growth and transcriptional activation

L. Wang, C. Mizzen, C. Ying, R. Candau, N. Barlev, J. Brownell, C. D. Allis, S. L. Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Yeast and human ADA2 and GCN5 (y- and hADA2 and y- and hGCN5, respectively) have been shown to potentiate transcription in vivo and may function as adaptors to bridge physical interactions between DNA-bound activators and the basal transcriptional machinery. Recently it was shown that yGCN5 is a histone acetyltransferase (HAT), suggesting a link between enzymatic modification of nucleosomes and transcriptional activation. In this report, we demonstrate that hGCN5 is also an HAT and has the same substrate specificity as yGCN5. Since hGCN5 dues not complement functional defects caused by deletion of yGCN5, we constructed a series of hGCN5-yGCN5 chimeras to identify human regions capable of activity in yeast. Interestingly, only the putative HAT domain of hGCN5, when fused to the remainder of yGCN5, complemented gen5- cells for growth and transcriptional activation. Moreover, an amino acid substitution mutation within the HAT domain reduced both HAT activity in vitro and transcription in vivo. These findings directly link enzymatic histone acetylation and transcriptional activation and shaw evolutionary conservation of this potentially crucial pathway in gene regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-527
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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