Hippocampal stiffness in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy measured with MR elastography: Preliminary comparison with healthy participants

Graham R. Huesmann, Hillary Schwarb, Daniel R. Smith, Ryan T. Pohlig, Aaron T. Anderson, Matthew D.J. McGarry, Keith D. Paulsen, Tracey Mencio Wszalek, Bradley P. Sutton, Curtis L. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is the most common form of refractory epilepsy. Common imaging biomarkers are often not sensitive enough to identify MTLE sufficiently early to facilitate the greatest benefit from surgical or pharmacological intervention. The objective of this work is to establish hippocampal stiffness measured with magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) as a biomarker for MTLE; we hypothesized that the epileptogenic hippocampus in MTLE is stiffer than the non-epileptogenic hippocampus. MRE was used to measure hippocampal stiffness in a group of patients with unilateral MTLE (n = 12) and a group of healthy comparison participants (n = 13). We calculated the ratio of hippocampal stiffness ipsilateral to epileptogenesis to the contralateral side for both groups. We found a higher hippocampal stiffness ratio in patients with MTLE compared with healthy participants (1.14 v. 0.99; p = 0.004), and that stiffness ratio differentiated MTLE from control groups effectively (AUC = 0.85). Hippocampal stiffness ratio, when added to volume ratio, an established MTLE biomarker, significantly improved the ability to differentiate the two groups (p = 0.038). Stiffness measured with MRE is sensitive to hippocampal pathology in MTLE and the addition of MRE to neuroimaging assessments may improve detection and characterization of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102313
JournalNeuroImage: Clinical
Volume27
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Hippocampus
  • Magnetic resonance elastography
  • Stiffness
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy
  • Volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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