Efficient sensing of an explosives taggant, 2,3-dimethyl-2,3-dinitrobutane (DMNB), has been performed with an organic nanofibril film through monitoring the fluorescence quenching of the film upon exposure to the DMNB vapor. The nanofibril film was fabricated from an alkoxycarbonyl-substituted carbazole-cornered conjugate tetracycle molecule, namely ACTC, which possesses a planar, rigid molecular geometry that favors cofacial π-π stacking between the molecules, leading to the formation of nanofibril structures with extended one-dimensional molecular stacking. The nanofibril film thus fabricated demonstrated unprecedented efficiency in detecting DMNB vapor, likely due to the extended one-dimensional molecular packing and the highly porous structure thus formed within the film. The former facilitates the exciton migration along the long-axis of nanofiber, while the latter enhances the adsorption of DMNB vapor and the expedient diffusion of the analyte through the film. The enhanced adsorption and diffusion of DMNB molecules within the matrix of the film also accounts for the improved response time of the film in fluorescence quenching upon exposure to DMNB vapor.
- Fluorescence quenching
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering