High-Throughput Preparation of Metal Oxide Nanocrystals by Cathodic Corrosion and Their Use as Active Photocatalysts

Matthew L. Kromer, Javier Monzó, Matthew J. Lawrence, Adam Kolodziej, Zachary T. Gossage, Burton H. Simpson, Sara Morandi, Alex Yanson, Joaquín Rodríguez-López, Paramaconi Rodríguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nanoparticle metal oxide photocatalysts are attractive because of their increased reactivity and ease of processing into versatile electrode formats; however, their preparation is cumbersome. We report on the rapid bulk synthesis of photocatalytic nanoparticles with homogeneous shape and size via the cathodic corrosion method, a simple electrochemical approach applied for the first time to the versatile preparation of complex metal oxides. Nanoparticles consisting of tungsten oxide (H2WO4) nanoplates, titanium oxide (TiO2) nanowires, and symmetric star-shaped bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) were prepared conveniently using tungsten, titanium, and vanadium wires as a starting material. Each of the particles were extremely rapid to produce, taking only 2-3 min to etch 2.5 mm of metal wire into a colloidal dispersion of photoactive materials. All crystalline H2WO4 and BiVO4 particles and amorphous TiO2 were photoelectrochemically active toward the water oxidation reaction. Additionally, the BiVO4 particles showed enhanced photocurrent in the visible region toward the oxidation of a sacrificial sulfite reagent. This synthetic method provides an inexpensive alternative to conventional fabrication techniques and is potentially applicable to a wide variety of metal oxides, making the rapid fabrication of active photocatalysts with controlled crystallinity more efficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13296-13302
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume33
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'High-Throughput Preparation of Metal Oxide Nanocrystals by Cathodic Corrosion and Their Use as Active Photocatalysts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this