High throughput assessment of cells and tissues: Bayesian classification of spectral metrics from infrared vibrational spectroscopic imaging data

Rohit Bhargava, Daniel C. Fernandez, Stephen M. Hewitt, Ira W. Levin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Vibrational spectroscopy allows a visualization of tissue constituents based on intrinsic chemical composition and provides a potential route to obtaining diagnostic markers of diseases. Characterizations utilizing infrared vibrational spectroscopy, in particular, are conventionally low throughput in data acquisition, generally lacking in spatial resolution with the resulting data requiring intensive numerical computations to extract information. These factors impair the ability of infrared spectroscopic measurements to represent accurately the spatial heterogeneity in tissue, to incorporate robustly the diversity introduced by patient cohorts or preparative artifacts and to validate developed protocols in large population studies. In this manuscript, we demonstrate a combination of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic imaging, tissue microarrays (TMAs) and fast numerical analysis as a paradigm for the rapid analysis, development and validation of high throughput spectroscopic characterization protocols. We provide an extended description of the data treatment algorithm and a discussion of various factors that may influence decision-making using this approach. Finally, a number of prostate tissue biopsies, arranged in an array modality, are employed to examine the efficacy of this approach in histologic recognition of epithelial cell polarization in patients displaying a variety of normal, malignant and hyperplastic conditions. An index of epithelial cell polarization, derived from a combined spectral and morphological analysis, is determined to be a potentially useful diagnostic marker.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)830-845
Number of pages16
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006



  • Bayesian statistics
  • Biophotonics
  • Cancer
  • Discriminant
  • Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy
  • Histology
  • Imaging
  • Likelihood classification
  • Pathology
  • Prostate
  • ROC
  • Tissue microarray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biophysics

Cite this