High-resolution dynamic speech imaging with joint low-rank and sparsity constraints

Maojing Fu, Bo Zhao, Christopher Carignan, Ryan K. Shosted, Jamie L. Perry, David P. Kuehn, Zhi Pei Liang, Bradley P. Sutton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose To enable dynamic speech imaging with high spatiotemporal resolution and full-vocal-tract spatial coverage, leveraging recent advances in sparse sampling. Methods An imaging method is developed to enable high-speed dynamic speech imaging exploiting low-rank and sparsity of the dynamic images of articulatory motion during speech. The proposed method includes: (a) a novel data acquisition strategy that collects spiral navigators with high temporal frame rate and (b) an image reconstruction method that derives temporal subspaces from navigators and reconstructs high-resolution images from sparsely sampled data with joint low-rank and sparsity constraints. Results The proposed method has been systematically evaluated and validated through several dynamic speech experiments. A nominal imaging speed of 102 frames per second (fps) was achieved for a single-slice imaging protocol with a spatial resolution of 2.2 × 2.2 × 6.5 mm3. An eight-slice imaging protocol covering the entire vocal tract achieved a nominal imaging speed of 12.8 fps with the identical spatial resolution. The effectiveness of the proposed method and its practical utility was also demonstrated in a phonetic investigation. Conclusion High spatiotemporal resolution with full-vocal-tract spatial coverage can be achieved for dynamic speech imaging experiments with low-rank and sparsity constraints. Magn Reson Med 73:1820-1832, 2015.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1820-1832
Number of pages13
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • dynamic speech imaging
  • low-rank approximation
  • partial separability modeling
  • sparsity
  • spiral navigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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