High-performance nanoscale topological energy transduction

Timothy M. Philip, Matthew J. Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The realization of high-performance, small-footprint, on-chip inductors remains a challenge in radio-frequency and power microelectronics, where they perform vital energy transduction in filters and power converters. Modern planar inductors consist of metallic spirals that consume significant chip area, resulting in low inductance densities. We present a novel method for magnetic energy transduction that utilizes ferromagnetic islands (FIs) on the surface of a 3D time-reversal-invariant topological insulator (TI) to produce paradigmatically different inductors. Depending on the chemical potential, the FIs induce either an anomalous or quantum anomalous Hall effect in the topological surface states. These Hall effects direct current around the FIs, concentrating magnetic flux and producing a highly inductive device. Using a novel self-consistent simulation that couples AC non-equilibrium Green functions to fully electrodynamic solutions of Maxwell's equations, we demonstrate excellent inductance densities up to terahertz frequencies, thus harnessing the unique properties of topological materials for practical device applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6736
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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