The electrodes of a hybrid electrochemical capacitor which utilize the quinone (Q)-hydroquinone (QH2) couple, a prototypical organic redox system known to provide fast and reversible proton-coupled electron-transfer reactions, are deterministically mesostructured via a colloidal templating strategy to provide good ion and electron transport pathways, enabling a high rate performance. Specifically, a conducting polymer, polypyrrole (PPy), is functionalized with a pseudocapacitive material, a Q/QH2-containing catechol derivative, by noncovalent interactions. The mesostructure of this hybrid material is formed into an ordered 3D porous structure by a polystyrene colloidal crystal template-assisted electrosynthesis. The catechol derivative is sufficiently bound to the PPy through noncovalent interactions to provide a volumetric capacitance as high as ≈130 F cm-3 and a capacitance retention of ≈75% over 10 000 charging/discharging cycles. When compared with a randomly structured electrode, the deterministically structured electrode exhibits an improved rate performance due to the mesostructure facilitated electron and ion transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)903-910
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 9 2016


  • catechol
  • energy storage
  • polypyrrole
  • pseudocapacitor
  • quinone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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