High performance GaInNAsSb/GaAs lasers at 1.5 μm

Lynford L. Goddard, Seth R. Bank, Mark A. Wistey, Homan B. Yuen, James S. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


We achieved 1.5-μm CW SQW GaInNAsSb lasers with GaNAs barriers grown by MBE on GaAs substrates with typical room temperature threshold densities below 600A/cm 2, external quantum efficiencies above 50%, and output powers exceeding 200mW from both facets for 20×1222μm devices tested epitaxial-side up. In pulsed mode, 450A/cm 2, 50%, and 1100mW were realized. Longer devices yielded over 425mW of total CW power and thresholds below 450A/cm 2. These results are comparable to high quality GaInNAs/GaAs lasers at 1.3μm. Z-parameter measurements revealed that these improvements in the performance metrics of approximately 40-60% over previous results are primarily due to reduced monomolecular recombination. The large differential gain of GaInNAsSb/GaNAs/GaAs lasers at 1.5μm of approximately 1.2×10 -15cm 2 was mostly squandered in previous devices due to large quantities of monomolecular recombination. The characteristic temperatures for threshold current, T 0, and for efficiency, T 1, were 66K and 132K, respectively. These reduced values, compared to prior measurements of 106K and 208K, respectively, indicate carrier leakage. Since monomolecular recombination is temperature insensitive, the temperature stability of device operation was adversely affected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number23
Pages (from-to)180-191
Number of pages12
JournalProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventNovel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers IV - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 24 2005Jan 27 2005


  • 1.5μm
  • Continuous-wave
  • GaAs
  • GaInNAs
  • GaInNAsSb
  • MBE
  • Raman amplifiers
  • Semiconductor lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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