High Energy Density CNT/NaI Composite Cathodes for Sodium-Ion Batteries

Sanghyeon Kim, Xiangming Li, Lingzi Sang, Young Soo Yun, Ralph G. Nuzzo, Andrew A. Gewirth, Paul V. Braun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Na-iodine system has potential as a positive electrode in sodium-ion batteries due to its fast reaction kinetics and high energy density. Here, the fabrication of a NaI-loaded carbon nanotube (CNT) mat cathode is presented and the use of NaI as a Na-ion battery cathode is reported for the first time. Freestanding electrodes show a capacity retention of 92% after 100 cycles at 100 mA h g−1 and a high specific energy density (≈473 W h kg−1, second discharge basis vs Na metal) and small hysteresis (0.03 V). Adding a CNT mat interlayer between the NaI composite cathode and the separator, and fluoroethylene carbonate to the electrolyte significantly suppresses shuttling of active materials during cycling. Using ex situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman data, an understanding of the relevant processes occurring during cycling of the CNT/NaI cathode is developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1801342
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 7 2018


  • Na-ion batteries
  • carbon nanotubes
  • high energy density cathodes
  • shuttling
  • sodium iodide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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