The relations between use of high-dose and low-dose combined oral contraceptives and epithelial ovarian cancer were compared in an international hospital-based case-control study. 393 cases from seven countries were compared with 2561 matched controls. The odds ratio (OR) was somewhat lower for women who used high-dose oestrogen oral contraceptives (OR = 0.68) than for women who used low-dose preparations (OR = 0.81) although the difference could have occurred by chance. After controlling for time since last use, risk was slightly lower for long-term users of high-dose preparations than for long-term users of low-dose pills. Both high-dose and low-dose oral contraceptives protect against ovarian cancer, but the degree of protection may be slightly weaker for the newer, low-dose products.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research