High activity and durability of Pt catalyst toward methanol electrooxidation in intermediate temperature alkaline media

Junhua Jiang*, Ted Aulich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To explore strategies for addressing the CO poisoning of Pt-based catalysts and sluggish anode reaction kinetics which have largely hindered the development of low temperature direct methanol fuel cells, electrocatalytic activity and durability of high-surface Pt toward methanol electrooxidation in alkaline media have been investigated in an intermediate temperature of 80–150 °C by means of voltammetry, chronoamperometry and single cell measurements. In this intermediate temperature range, Pt electrocatalyst is highly active and durable toward the methanol oxidation in alkaline media. Measured exchange current densities are of the order of magnitude of 10−7–10−6 A cm−2 and sustainable chronoamperometric currents are obtained at potentials as low as 0.16 V vs RHE. An alkaline methanol fuel cell operated at 120 °C using carbon-supported Pt as both anode and cathode electrocatalysts exhibits a peak power density of around 90 mW cm−2 and provides stable power output under constant current discharge. Accelerated electrooxidation of CO intermediate whose onset is close to that of the methanol electrooxidation and possible reaction of surface CO and hydroxide ions in the intermediate temperature alkaline media are proposed to account for the high activity and durability of Pt. Therefore, the CO-poisoning of Pt-based catalysts and sluggish methanol electrooxidation could be potentially addressed by the use of intermediate temperature alkaline media.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-194
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume209
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

Keywords

  • ISTC
  • Electrocatalysis
  • Platinum catalyst
  • Methanol electrooxidation
  • Alkaline methanol fuel cell
  • Intermediate temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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