Hierarchy of multipartite correlations based on concentratable entanglement

Louis Schatzki, Guangkuo Liu, M. Cerezo, Eric Chitambar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multipartite entanglement is one of the hallmarks of quantum mechanics and is central to quantum information processing. In this work we show that concentratable entanglement (CE), an operationally motivated entanglement measure, induces a hierarchy upon pure states from which different entanglement structures can be experimentally certified. In particular, we find that nearly all genuine multipartite entangled states can be verified through the CE. Interestingly, GHZ states prove to be far from maximally entangled according to this measure. Instead we find the exact maximal value and corresponding states for up to 18 qubits and show that these correspond to extremal quantum error correcting codes. The latter allows us to unravel a deep connection between CE and coding theory. Finally, our results also offer an alternative proof, on up to 31 qubits, that absolutely maximally entangled states do not exist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number023019
JournalPhysical Review Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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