Hierarchical hydrodynamics in long-range multipole-conserving systems

Jacopo Gliozzi, Julian May-Mann, Taylor L. Hughes, Giuseppe De Tomasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work investigates the out-of-equilibrium dynamics of dipole and higher-moment-conserving systems with long-range interactions, drawing inspiration from trapped ion experiments in strongly tilted potentials. We introduce a hierarchical sequence of multipole-conserving models characterized by power-law decaying couplings. Although the moments are always globally conserved, adjusting the power-law exponents of the couplings induces various regimes in which only a subset of multipole moments are effectively locally conserved. We examine the late-time hydrodynamics analytically and numerically using an effective classical framework, uncovering a rich dynamical phase diagram that includes subdiffusion, conventional diffusion, and Lévy flights. Our results are unified in an analytic reciprocal rule that captures the nested hierarchy of hydrodynamics in multipole conserving systems where only a subset of the moments are locally conserved. Moreover, we extend our findings to higher dimensions and explore the emergence of long timescales, reminiscent of prethermal regimes, in systems with low charge density. Lastly, we corroborate our results through state-of-the-art numerical simulations of a fully quantum long-range dipole-conserving system and discuss their relevance to trapped-ion experimental setups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number195106
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number19
StatePublished - Nov 15 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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