Hierarchical Gaussianization for image classification

Xi Zhou, Na Cui, Zhen Li, Feng Liang, Thomas S. Huang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In this paper, we propose a new image representation to capture both the appearance and spatial information for image classification applications. First, we model the feature vectors, from the whole corpus, from each image and at each individual patch, in a Bayesian hierarchical framework using mixtures of Gaussians. After such a hierarchical Gaussianization, each image is represented by a Gaussian mixture model (GMM) for its appearance, and several Gaussian maps for its spatial layout. Then we extract the appearance information from the GMM parameters, and the spatial information from global and local statistics over Gaussian maps. Finally, we employ a supervised dimension reduction technique called DAP (discriminant attribute projection) to remove noise directions and to further enhance the discriminating power of our representation. We justify that the traditional histogram representation and the spatial pyramid matching are special cases of our hierarchical Gaussianization. We compare our new representation with other approaches in scene classification, object recognition and face recognition, and our performance ranks among the top in all three tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV 2009
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 2009
Event12th International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV 2009 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: Sep 29 2009Oct 2 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision


Other12th International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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