Heterogeneous drying and nonmonotonic contact angle dynamics in concentrated film-forming latex drops

Subhalakshmi Kumar, Joshua S. Katz, Charles M. Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The dynamic drying process is studied in spatially heterogeneous film-forming latex suspensions across a wide range of dispersion concentrations using optical imaging techniques. Systematic changes in latex suspension concentration are found to affect lateral drying heterogeneity and surface topology. A nonmonotonic decay in contact angle is observed at the edges of drying droplets by continuously monitoring evaporation dynamics, which is quantitatively characterized by the peak strain and peak formation time. An analytical model is developed to explain the nonmonotonic contact-angle decay by considering a transient dilational stress imposed on a viscoelastic solid model for the particle network. Importantly, the latex concentration dependence of this phenomenon provides evidence for a smooth transition from fluid-line pinning to fluid-line recession behavior during drying, leading to ringlike to volcanolike deposition patterns, respectively. Using experimental data for drying heterogeneity, we quantitatively explore the influence of Marangoni flow and capillary pressure on drying behavior. Moreover, our results show that latex concentration and particle packing can also be strategically used to reduce contact-line friction, thereby affecting fluid-line recession. Taken together, these results show that studying latex suspensions in seemingly simple droplet geometries provides insight into the emergent spatially heterogeneous viscoelastic properties during film formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114304
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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