Heme-copper and heme-heme interactions in the cytochrome bo-containing quinol oxidase of Escherichia coli

J. C. Salerno, B. Bolgiano, R. K. Poole, R. B. Gennis, W. J. Ingledew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The cytochrome bo quinol oxidase of Escherichia coli is one of two respiratory O2 reductases which the bacterium synthesizes. The enzyme complex contains copper and 2 mol of b-type heme. Electron paramagnetic resonance (epr) spectroscopy of membranes from a strain having amplified levels of this enzyme complex reveals signals from low- and high-spin b-type hemes, but the copper, now established as a component of the oxidase, is not directly detectable by epr. The high-spin signal from the cytochrome bo complex, which we attribute to cytochrome o, when titrated potentiometrically, gives a bell-shaped curve. The low potential side of this curve is biphasic (E(m7) approximately 180 and 280 mV) and corresponds to the reduction/oxidation of the cytochrome(s). The high potential side of the bell-shaped curve is monophasic (E(m7) approximately 370 mV) and is proposed to be due to reduction/oxidation of a copper center which, when in the Cu(II) form, is tightly spin-coupled to a heme, probably cytochrome o, resulting in a net even spin system and loss of the epr spectrum. The low-spin cytochrome b titrates biphasically with E(m7) values of approximately 180 and 280 mV, similar to the high-spin component but without the loss of signal at high potentials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4364-4368
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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