Helical carbon nanotubes enhance the early immune response and inhibit macrophage-mediated phagocytosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Brent E. Walling, Zhizhou Kuang, Yonghua Hao, David Estrada, Joshua D. Wood, Feifei Lian, Lou Ann Miller, Amish B. Shah, Jayme L. Jeffries, Richard T. Haasch, Joseph W. Lyding, Eric Pop, Gee W. Lau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aerosolized or aspirated manufactured carbon nanotubes have been shown to be cytotoxic, cause pulmonary lesions, and demonstrate immunomodulatory properties. CD-1 mice were used to assess pulmonary toxicity of helical carbon nanotubes (HCNTs) and alterations of the immune response to subsequent infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in mice. HCNTs provoked a mild inflammatory response following either a single exposure or 2X/week for three weeks (multiple exposures) but were not significantly toxic. Administering HCNTs 2X/week for three weeks resulted in pulmonary lesions including granulomas and goblet cell hyperplasia. Mice exposed to HCNTs and subsequently infected by P. aeruginosa demonstrated an enhanced inflammatory response to P. aeruginosa and phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages was inhibited. However, clearance of P. aeruginosa was not affected. HCNT exposed mice depleted of neutrophils were more effective in clearing P. aeruginosa compared to neutrophil-depleted control mice, accompanied by an influx of macrophages. Depletion of systemic macrophages resulted in slightly inhibited bacterial clearance by HCNT treated mice. Our data indicate that pulmonary exposure to HCNTs results in lesions similar to those caused by other nanotubes and pre-exposure to HCNTs inhibit alveolar macrophage phagocytosis of P. aeruginosa. However, clearance was not affected as exposure to HCNTs primed the immune system for an enhanced inflammatory response to pulmonary infection consisting of an influx of neutrophils and macrophages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere80283
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Walling, B. E., Kuang, Z., Hao, Y., Estrada, D., Wood, J. D., Lian, F., Miller, L. A., Shah, A. B., Jeffries, J. L., Haasch, R. T., Lyding, J. W., Pop, E., & Lau, G. W. (2013). Helical carbon nanotubes enhance the early immune response and inhibit macrophage-mediated phagocytosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. PloS one, 8(11), [e80283]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080283